Bitcoin front and center w raporcie 2020 Coin Metrics

Rok 2020 był płodnym rokiem dla Bitcoin, a to korelowało z ogromnym wzrostem liczby aktywnych adresów portfeli w tym roku.

Spostrzeżenia pochodzą z raportu o stanie sieci Coin Metrics zajmującego się analizą kryptowalut, w którym przedstawiono główne wnioski z kosmosu w 2020 roku

Podczas gdy Covid-19 hamował gospodarki na całym świecie, przestrzeń kryptowalut przeżywała okres wielkiego odrodzenia.

Nic bardziej niż The News Spy, który uwolnił się ze swoich kajdan, aby ustanowić nowe rekordy wszech czasów w 2020 roku .

„Powrót Bitcoina”

Większa część artykułu skupia się na roku powrotu Bitcoina i wpływie inwestycji instytucjonalnych, które ostatecznie w znaczący sposób wkroczyły w przestrzeń kryptowalut.

W artykule wspomniano o znaczących inwestycjach takich firm jak MicroStrategy, Square, MassMutual oraz innych głównych instytucji finansowych i inwestorów, które doprowadziły do ​​wzrostu wartości Bitcoina.

Kluczowym wskaźnikiem zidentyfikowanym przez badacza Coin Metrics, Nate’a Maddrey’a, była liczba aktywnych adresów Bitcoin – która odnotowała 100-procentowy wzrost z około 600 000 aktywnych adresów do 1,2 miliona.

Maddrey zwróciła również uwagę na zmniejszenie o połowę nagrody za wydobycie Bitcoina w 2020 r., Które miało przypadkowe powiązanie z trwającymi środkami stymulacyjnymi fiskalnymi stosowanymi przez rząd USA.

Bitcoin continues to climb – market value exceeds $ 500 billion for the first time

Bitcoin jumps over $ 27,000, making it almost the 10th largest company in the world.

Crypto Code continues to climb inexorably on Christmas weekend, which resulted in the 27,000 US dollar mark being passed on December 27th today. This means that the market capitalization of the cryptocurrency has cracked half a trillion US dollars for the first time.

Bitcoin cracks $ 500 billion

The new record high comes just three days after breaking the resistance at $ 24,000 . Accordingly, the Bitcoin price has doubled in the past two months, with almost $ 10,000 plus in December alone.

Bitcoin’s market capitalization has soared to more than $ 510 billion as a result of the recent jump, which makes the cryptocurrency almost as valuable as the holding company Berkshire Hathaway, which belongs to investment guru Warren Buffett and is the tenth largest company in the world. Yesterday, Bitcoin was able to leave its big ” competitor ” and payment service provider Visa behind.

In addition, Bitcoin is currently above the calculated average value of the popular Stock-To-Flow (S2F) forecast model, which predicts a price increase to 100,000 US dollars by December 2021 . The market-leading crypto currency is clearly on target on this path.

The current high seems to be far more sustainable than the record run of 2017 , because the crypto experts assume that things will continue to improve in the coming months

The main reasons for this are the continuing interest of institutional investors , strong fundamentals, a declining supply on crypto exchanges and the so far low interest from private investors . As can be seen from the Google search queries for Bitcoin (see below), the hype about the crypto currency is not quite as strong as in 2017, despite new record highs, which is why there is still a lot of room for improvement as soon as word of the soaring gets around in the mainstream.

Nonetheless, there is still a risk of a severe downturn in the short term, possibly triggered by the psychologically important resistance at $ 30,000.

“Vertical price movements usually end in a similarly strong correction (do you still remember summer 2019?). These corrections often lead to a sideways movement, ”as Cointelegraph Markets expert Michael van de Poppe warns on December 27th . However, he adds:

“Don’t let such a correction shake you off. The upward trend will last even longer. You should think long term. “

Jack Dorsey’s Square lança iniciativa de $10M para reduzir a pegada de carbono da Bitcoin

O maior processador de pagamento Square está levando seu amor pela Bitcoin a um patamar superior com sua mudança para o espaço da mineração. O gigante tecnológico do Vale do Silício anunciou o lançamento da Bitcoin Clean Energy Investment Initiative, um programa para melhorar a pegada de carbono da Bitcoin e tornar o ativo mais eficiente em termos energéticos para a mineração.

Apoiando Empresas com Foco em Energias Renováveis

A Square se comprometerá com uma subvenção de US$ 10 milhões para a iniciativa de energia limpa por meio de um anúncio oficial.

O programa apoiará empresas que tenham desenvolvido projetos eficientes de energia renovável para a mineração Bitcoin. O chefe executivo da empresa, Jack Dorsey, enfatizou novamente a crença de sua empresa em que a Bitcoin energiza uma Terra verde – uma característica que também poderia melhorar sua adoção globalmente.

O processador de pagamento deu as mãos à Watershed, uma empresa que alimenta programas climáticos para os principais negócios. A Watershed será a primeira beneficiária da subvenção de US$ 10 milhões. A Square acrescentou que combinaria uma pegada de carbono reduzida com um portfólio de remoção de carbono verificado. A carteira seria estendida no primeiro trimestre de 2021.

“O compromisso de ser um contribuinte líquido de carbono zero é consistente com nosso propósito de capacitação econômica, pois continuaremos a trabalhar para nossos clientes sem contribuir para questões climáticas de longo prazo”.

A ameaça ao meio ambiente acabará por colocar em risco desproporcionalmente as comunidades carentes em todo o mundo”, disse a diretora financeira da Square, Amrita Ahuja.

Renováveis já estão se recuperando

A pegada energética da Bitcoin tem sido uma fonte de controvérsia desde que a mineração Bitcoin se tornou popular. Muitos decretaram o consumo de energia da atividade, com alguns pesquisadores afirmando que a atividade consome tanta energia quanto alguns estados e países pequenos. A Bitcoin emite cerca de 22 megatoneladas de dióxido de carbono anualmente.

Entretanto, o espaço de mineração está se concentrando mais em energias renováveis, com várias regiões favorecendo fontes de energia limpa para suas operações de mineração criptográfica. Em outubro, pesquisadores da Universidade de Cambridge lançaram o 3º Estudo Global de Benchmarking Cryptoasset. O resultado mostrou que cerca de 76% dos mineiros de Bitcoin utilizam alguma forma de energia renovável como parte de sua mistura.

A energia hidrelétrica foi considerada a fonte de energia mais comum para a maioria dos mineiros de Bitcoin pelos pesquisadores de Cambridge. Cerca de 62% dos entrevistados também afirmaram estar utilizando a fonte de energia para suas operações. O carvão e o gás natural e as fontes assumem a segunda e terceira posições, respectivamente, com 38 e 36 por cento. As outras três fontes comuns de energia são eólica, solar e de petróleo.

O estudo também dividiu o consumo dos mineiros com base em regiões, observando que os mineiros na Europa, Ásia-Pacífico, América Latina e América do Norte utilizam a mesma quantidade de energia hidroelétrica em comparação com a energia de fontes como gás natural e carvão.

Com o crescimento do uso de energias renováveis, ainda há algumas dúvidas sobre se isto será suficiente para inverter a maré. No ano passado, Alex de Vries, especialista em cadeias de bloqueio da PricewaterhouseCoopers, explicou que as energias renováveis por si só não seriam suficientes para reduzir a pegada de carbono do ativo.

de Vries havia citado uma pesquisa de 2014 que estimou o consumo de energia de todo o setor financeiro em 650 TWh de energia por ano. Ele acrescentou que enquanto as renováveis estão crescendo em uso, elas não cobrem trocas, fornecedores de carteiras, prestadores de serviços de pagamento, caixas eletrônicos e muito mais.

O especialista em cadeias de bloqueio acrescentou que esses operadores de terceiros precisariam descobrir maneiras de reduzir sua pegada de carbono é o espaço Bitcoin é para se tornar verdadeiramente eficiente em termos de energia.

ETH 2.0, over 600 thousand ETH on the deposit contract

Surprisingly, with an unprecedented upsurge, so much so that at first it was doubtful that it would be done in time for the date of December 1, the deposit contract to start ETH 2.0, has reached its first objective, namely to have 524288 ETHs staked.

The Ethereums on the ETH 2.0 deposit contract

As we can see from the data, the ETHs staked in the ETH 2.0 programme have reached and surpassed that threshold and have reached 601568 ETHs deposited in the contract. Remember that as many as 32 ETHs had to be deposited in order to become a validator of the new Ethereum network.

In fact, before the launch of ETH 2.0. it was necessary to have a substantial amount of Ethereum in the relevant smart contract in order to create a user base and nodes large enough to support the entire future network.

Incentives and disincentives of Ethereum 2.0.

Let’s not forget that who becomes validator of the new network is subject to be evaluated by special performance algorithms and if the validator falls below a certain threshold slashing is activated, i.e. part or all of the staked quota is taken from him as if it were a “compensation” for the work not done.

Staking can be done through dedicated pools. Doing it obviously brings advantages, which in this case is a reward for the validation of the blocks.

We are talking about an APR variable and inversely proportional to the Ethereum staked: at a higher amount of Binbot staked, the APR decreases, which starts from about 20% and then slowly arrives close to 0, also because the whole supply of Ethereum already exceeds 100 million and therefore if all staked the APR would become null and void.

The Beacon Chain of Ethereum

Finally, we remind you that from December 1st the Beacon chain network will be activated, which is the one on which validators and nodes will operate.

This obviously does not mean that what was on Ethereum will magically pass immediately to the new chain, on the contrary a migration process will have to be started to bring the various protocols and smart contracts to the new network. This will have a significant cost for both the team and the user, as they will have to manually migrate funds from one smart contract to another.

Once in, the advantage is that you get more speed and lower fee cost.

However, there is still the problem of pools, because if with a PoW (Proof of Work) system mining pools were concentrated in the hands of a few mining farms, in this case there would be more massive pools than others.